The conference will appeal not just to members of the PKP community, but to anyone interested in trends and developments for scholarly publishing and communication. There will be a wide range of topical sessions on new reading and publishing technologies; open access initiatives; alternative publishing and funding models; national and international collaborative projects; new roles and partnerships for libraries, scholarly publishers and others; and sustainability for open access publishing and open source software. Prospective and first time users of OJS and other PKP software will be able to learn more about the systems and establish contacts with the PKP community. Experienced implementers, developers, and system administrators will have an opportunity to participate in technical sessions and exchange information.

The conference will commence with an opening keynote session on the evening of July 8 convened by John Willinsky, the founder of the Public Knowledge Project. There will be several pre-conference workshops on July 8, and the main conference program will present a combination of concurrent and single track sessions during on July 9 and 10. The conference will conclude with three special symposia on community and network building intended for each of the core PKP constituents: journal editors and publishers; librarians; and software developers.

The conference will be hosted at Simon Fraser University’s downtown campus and will be adjacent to a wide range of accommodations, restaurants, and other popular tourist destinations. Please mark the July 8 – 10 dates on your 2009 calendars. The PKP partners look forward to welcoming you to the second PKP conference.

The Public Knowledge Project is a federally funded research initiative at Simon Fraser University, Stanford University, and the University of British Columbia. It seeks to improve the scholarly and public quality of academic research through the development of innovative online environments. PKP has developed free, open source software for the management, publishing, and indexing of journals and current conferences. The PKP software suite is comprised of three modules in production: Open Archives Harvester, Open Journal Systems, and Open Conference Systems, and two in development: Lemon8-XML and Open Monograph Press.


The program for this conference is available via the following link.


Selected Presentation Summaries

Making a university library a real support for research dissemination: the contribution of OJS and OCS

Sely M.S. Costa

Discusses how, on a national basis, academic libraries can provide fundamental support to research dissemination, taking into account open access principles, integrating PKP and a few other technology tools in a dissemination model that can improve the visibility of both the library and the total academic output of the university itself.

Implementing open access in agricultural research: the experience of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation
Patricia Rocha Bello Bertin; Fernando César Lima Leite; Isaque Vacari; Victor Paulo Marques Simão; Marcos Cezar Visoli.

Presents a model for the establishment of open access to scientific information at Embrapa, consisting of elements that speed up scientific communication processes and allow for research output management, through the implementation of the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH). It is our contention that effective information management improves institutional scientific communication.

Open access in Brazil: IBICT’s initiative drives country’s development
Ramón Martins Sodoma da Fonseca

Describes the initiatives of the Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência
e Tecnologia (IBICT), a Brazilian government research institute, in promoting open access to scholarly information. The actions of the Institute have expanded at an exponential rate involving scholarly journals, hosting and providing nationwide support to journals using Open Journal Systems, institutional repositories using DSpace and much more.

Nothing in scholarly communication makes sense except in the light of open access
Leslie Chan

This year marks the bicentennial of Darwin’s birthday, and the sesquicentennial of the publication of “The Origin of Species”. 2009 also marks the 20th anniversary of the invention of the Web by Tim Berners-Lee. These momentous occasions provide a fitting opportunity to reflect on how the conception of scholarly communication and scientific discoveries have evolved from the time of Darwin to the present. Using the publication of “The Origin” and the subsequent acceptance of the theory of evolution as a case study, we look at how new knowledge was formalized from the vast amount of data collected by Darwin, his prodigious private correspondence and personal notebooks, into the public record in the form of books, journal articles, and public lectures. I argue that just as evolution provides an overarching and coherent framework for organizing and making sense of biological diversity, the Web and open access are providing unprecedented opportunities for the framing and reframing of scholarly inquires, and calling into question the nature of authority in the knowledge production process. I will provide examples to show that just as species are mutable, so too are knowledge domains, authority, and disciplinary boundaries in the open and generative web environment.

Fonte: http://pkp.sfu.ca/ocs/pkp/index.php/index/index

Electronic publishing via the Internet is continuously changing its shapes and models, challenging traditional players to adapt to new contexts. Innovative technologies enable individuals, scholars, communities and networks to establish contacts, exchange data, produce information, share knowledge. Open access sources and commercial players make contents available for a heterogeneous audience in diversity of environments, from business to private life, from educational and cultural activities to leisure time, and in a large variety of devices, from personal computers to mobile media.

New opportunities and new needs challenge us to rethink electronic publishing, to innovate communication paradigms and technologies, to make information not just a flat equivalent of a paper but a truly digital format, to allow machine processing and new services, to face the future of mobile life. The ELPUB 2009 conference will focus on key issues in e-communications, exploring dissemination channels, business models, technologies, methods and concepts.

Three distinguishing features of this conference are: broad scope of topics which creates a unique atmosphere of active exchange and learning about various aspects of scholarly communications and electronic publishing; combination of general and technical issues; and a condensed procedure of submission, revision and publication of proceedings which guarantees presentations of most recent work. ELPUB 2009 will offer a variety of activities, such as workshops, tutorials, panel debates, poster presentations and demonstrations. Social events and sight-seeing tours will also be available to participants.

Conference Location: Milan, Italy. Milan is the largest metropolitan area in Italy, one of the largest in Europe: 7,4 million population. It is the Italian capital of industry and business and well renowned as one of the world capitals of fashion and design. Milan is one of the oldest artistic centres in Northern Italy and its surroundings include the beautiful Alps and the famous Garda, Maggiore and Como lakes. All this makes Milan a perfect place for sight-seeing, cultural visits and exciting shopping, not to mention enjoying Italian food and wines.

Conference Host: The State University of Milan is the third largest university in Italy after Rome and Naples. The venue is the main building, in the centre of Milan, 3 minutes on foot from the Cathedral. It was made in 1450 under Duke Francesco Sforza, who also built the famous Castle. ELPUB 2009 is organized by CILEA, a consortium of Italian Universities founded in 1974 to promote the use of advanced ICT in academic and research environments, to support technological transfer and to manage ICT services, facilities and infrastructures. Within CILEA, the AePIC team deals with innovative e-publishing technologies and models, promoting Open Access to knowledge through sustainable online publishing initiatives.

About ELPUB: The ELPUB 2009 conference will keep the tradition of the previous international conferences on electronic publishing, held in the United Kingdom (in 1997 and 2001), Hungary (1998), Sweden (1999), Russia (2000), the Czech Republic (2002), Portugal (2003), Brazil (2004), Belgium (2005), Bulgaria (2006), Austria (2007) and Canada (2008), which is to bring together researchers, lecturers, librarians, developers, business executives, entrepreneurs, managers, users and all those interested in issues regarding electronic publishing in a wide variety of contexts. These include the human, cultural, economic, social, technological, legal, commercial, and other relevant aspects that such an exciting theme encompasses.

2009 Programme Committee

  • Baptista, Ana Alice   University of Minho (Portugal)
  • Borbinha, José   INESC-ID / IST – Lisbon Technical University (Portugal)
  • Chan, Leslie University of Toronto Scarborough (Canada)
  • Costa, Sely M.S.   University of Brasilia (Brazil)
  • Delgado, Jaime   Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (Spain)
  • Dobreva, Milena   University of Strathclyde (Scotland) & IMI-BAS (Bulgaria)
  • Engelen, Jan   Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium)
  • Galimberti, Paola University of Milan (Italy)
  • Gargiulo, Paola   CASPUR (Italy)
  • Gradmann, Stefan   University of Hamburg (Germany)
  • Güntner, Georg   Salzburg Research (Austria)
  • Hedlund, Turid   Swedish School of Economics and BA, Helsinki (Finland)
  • Horstmann, Wolfram   University of Bielefeld (Germany)
  • Ikonomov, Nikola   Institute for Bulgarian Language (Bulgaria)
  • Iyengar, Arun   IBM Research (USA)
  • Jezek, Karel   University of West Bohemia in Pilsen (Czech Republic)
  • Knoll, Adolf   Czech National Library (Czech Republic)
  • Krottmaier, Harald   Graz University of Technology (Austria)
  • Linde, Peter   Blekinge Institute of Technology (Sweden)
  • Lioma,Christina Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium)
  • Martens, Bob   Vienna University of Technology (Austria)
  • Mendéz, Eva Universidad Carlos III, Madrid (Spain)
  • Moens, Marie-Francine   Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium)
  • Mornati, Susanna   CILEA (Italy)
  • Morrison, Heather British Columbia Electronic Library Network (Canada)
  • Nisheva-Pavlova, Maria    Sofia University (Bulgaria)
  • Opas-Hänninen, Lisa Lena University of Oulu (Finland)
  • Paepen, Bert   Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium)
  • Savenije, Bas   Utrecht University Library (The Netherlands)
  • Schranz, Markus   Pressetext Austria (Austria)
  • Smith, John   University of Kent at Canterbury (UK)
  • Tonta, Yasar   Hacettepe University (Turkey)

ELPUB 2009
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Conference Report


D-Lib Magazine
July/August 2009

Volume 15 Number 7/8

ISSN 1082-9873

ELPUB 2009 – Rethinking Electronic Publishing

Innovation in Communication Paradigms and Technologies

Elena Giglia
Università degli Studi di Torino

Paola Galimberti
Università degli Studi di Torino

Red Line


The 13th ELPUB conference took place in Milan, from 10 to 12 June 2009 [1]. In the three-day event, 40 speakers coming from each of the five continents – a sign of the worldwide dimension of innovation and a bridge over information divide – presented papers on a broad range of technical, conceptual, and financial aspects of scholarly communication, trying to outline the complex scenario of changing paradigms and technologies, as underlined by Susanna Mornati and Turid Hedlund (CILEA, IT; Hanken School Of Economics, FI), who organized the meeting. The aim of this report is to describe the main conference themes that emerged from the 10 conference sessions of intense debate.

One of the transversal paradigms, cited by most of the presenters and approached from different perspectives, is Open Access, actually one of the most interesting, debated and pioneering facets of scholarly communication. The last afternoon of ELPUB featured an “unconference” on openness in the academic environment. Leslie Chan (University of Toronto Scarborough CA), along with co-chairman Gale Moore (University of Toronto Scarborough CA), presented “OASIS – Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook” (http://www.openoasis.org/). It is a website aimed at creating a community of users – researchers, librarians, publishers, administrators, the public and students: in a word, all the stakeholders involved in the potential benefits of Open Access itself – and at collecting resources dealing with the principles, advantages, approaches and means for achieving Open Access. Users are encouraged to share and modify materials according to their environment and needs. Gathering information about several aspects of Open Access – data on the impact advantage, practical tools such as addenda, best practices, training and tutorial objects – in a one-stop shopping portal would also ensure easier updating, in a collaborative way.

“Collaboration” was the keyword of Simon Tanner’s (King’s College London) opening keynote speech dealing with strategies for the Information Age. The real value in our information age does not lie exclusively in the information itself: information has to be managed – but, first, it has to be accessible. The main effort for the near future is to deliver better information resources through e-publishing.

When considered from an access perspective, digital preservation is a critical aspect of managing digital information, and therefore deep reflection about digital containers and content, their context and behaviour is needed. Assuming that there is no accidental preservation of digital information – as was the case in archaeology – a strong call to action has been issued to deal with digital information preservation. Digital preservation is also related to the concept of sustainability: Tanner pointed to the impact that unfunded mandates could have in the future, both on publishers and libraries. Here the need arises for collaboration. Sharing costs and expertise would benefit both publishers and libraries, ensuring the creation of a public repository where, at the same time, people could connect with the past and invent the future.

“Integration” has been the common theme of many ELPUB presentations, such as:

  • the CUFTS project, presented by Heather Morrison (Simon Fraser University Library, CA), a collaborative library work that is focused on creating a collection of quality free and open access journals;
  • the Manuscriptorium project of the National Library of the Czech Republic, which is aimed at seamless access to data from different storage locations, within the context of the digitization of historical library materials;
  • DBClear software, developed under a grant of the German Research Foundation, which allows an innovative system for adding in-context comments and annotation features, bringing the academic discussion back to its origin.

“Evaluation” was discussed both ex ante, in revising the canon of peer review, and ex post, in combining new metrics and bibliometric factors. Research on scholarly communication processes and quality control has been conducted by Charles Oppenheim and Fytton Rowland (Loughborough University, UK), whose presentation covered traditional peer review – which they recognize is not to be set aside – and the new Web 2.0 environment, which is blurring boundaries between traditional types of scholarly publication. The logic of Web 2.0 is the basis for “Il Flipper e la Nuvola”, a web project used in a Biochemistry course: the underpinning concept is that there are Rules (falsifiable, according to Karl Popper), and information can be selected on the basis of its congruence with the internal rules of a particular system, rather than to the current scientific paradigm as stated by the “experts”. Relying on the indicators available in the current network context, Peter Binfield (Public Library of Science, US) outlined the new article-level metrics provided in each PLoS journal. Transformational as usual, PLoS ONE separated the functions that are most effectively performed before publication, such as peer review, and those that can most effectively be performed after publication, such as impact assessment. In measuring impact, other sources besides citations are taken into account, including: posts on blogs, comments, and social bookmarking, providing a multi-sided list of impact indicators. In this process, Binfield recognized that metadata are crucial, and he envisions a future in which texts will be enriched by structural, semantic and rhetorical metadata to foster new services to researchers.

One ELPUB session was dedicated to mark-up and metadata creation, whilst another session focussed on semantics and ontologies, confirming their central position in advancing digital scholarly communication. On this point, Alfio Ferrara and Massimo Parodi (Università degli Studi di Milano, IT) provided a fascinating comparison between content creation in the Middle Ages versus its creation on the Web. In analyzing content transformation from paper to electronic formats, as well as transforming the medium of dissemination, they focussed on the area of rhetoric as the intermediate connection between content and its final distribution. They described the three traditional parts of rhetoric (elocutio, dispositio, memoria) and the web architecture, to show how the web could be used to publish content in a new way rather than simply reproducing the paper in online form. Looking forward to Web 3.0, in which the web becomes the medium for data, information and knowledge exchange through the use of shared semantics, the Harvard Stem cell Institute developed SCF (Science Collaboration Framework), a software framework that scientific communities can use to create open-access, scientific publications online. Based on Web 3.0 technologies (social web, semantic web, text-mining), SCF allows communities of users to publish complex scientific articles, annotate them with controlled vocabularies or ontologies, register the research interests of members and conduct discussion forums: in effect, creating new communities. Because SCF is interoperable, it fosters a significant reduction in artificial barriers between research disciplines, and a much more dynamic and agile approach to information exchange.

As to new suggestions and features of scholarly communication, Nicola Cavalli (Università Milano Bicocca, IT) gave a functional overview of the concept of “overlay publication,” focusing on a particular case study of what can be defined as an overlay book that combines free access online and print on demand, and Peter Linde offered a survey of the new practice of self-archiving from the internal point of view of authors, calling attention to some critical points and recommending ways to overcome challenges the authors face. Michael Mabe (International Association of Scientific Technical and Medical Publishers, UK) presented PEER (Publishing and the Ecology of European Research), a project funded within the 7th European Framework Program. PEER deals with the collaboration between publishers, repositories and the research community and is aimed at improving understanding of the effects of the large-scale deposit of preprint (accepted manuscripts) in open access repositories, addressing the so-called “Green road” to Open Access [2]. The creation of an observatory with European content from approximately 300 peer-reviewed journals from participating publishers is expected to allow PEER to monitor the effects of systematic archiving over time. Independent teams will be involved in research that tackles author and reader behaviour, article usage at repository and publisher sites, and the economics of publisher-assisted deposit and author self-archiving. Expected outcomes include: evidence based guidance for the evolution of open access policy; a model of the effects of archiving on the traditional publishing systems; and, it is hoped, deeper mutual understanding between publishers and researchers.

In a publishing market where new players continually enter and upset established dynamics, economic models play a central role, as emerged in the ELPUB session dedicated to this topic and chaired by Turid Hedlund.

In the knowledge economy, the generation and exploitation of knowledge has become a main source of wealth; therefore, the capacity of a system to disseminate the latest scientific information plays a key role.

Traditional models for the distribution, reproduction, control and publishing information are in deep crisis, and a key question is whether or not new economic models for publishing research results will better serve (as to efficiency and effectiveness) researchers and their institutions. Another important issue concerns the sustainability of the new models. John Houghton (Victoria University, AU) described the results of a JISC-funded project aimed at identifying the most cost-effective system by examining the costs and benefits of three different scholarly publishing models: subscription publishing, open access publishing and self-archiving (only certified publications such as those in the Green road model and overlay journals). The costs and benefits of the three different models were quantified, in an attempt to explore the potential cost savings resulting from the alternative publishing models. Houghton’s study demonstrated that Open Access (both via self-archiving and open access publishing) would bring substantial benefits over the longer run while benefits in the short term may be lower. In any event, a move towards open access publishing could be profitable for researchers and their institutions.

The presentation of Paola Dubini and Elena Giglia (Università Bocconi; Università degli Studi di Torino, IT) focused on economic models too, from a different perspective. In their (preliminary) study they compared the economic models of 12 peer reviewed journals from different academic disciplines, taking into consideration both the existence of information asymmetries and the problem of reaching critical mass in readership and authors’ markets. Visibility, accessibility and benefits were compared. The results of the survey have shown a pre-eminence of Open Access models (as was also shown in Houghton’s study) – even if traditional journals have very quickly implemented the innovative services offered by Open Access journals. The presence of new players and new business models has fostered the development of new services and improved the competition, to the benefit of the research community; in this scenario, universities and faculties play a key role in orienting researchers’ choice of one of the two publishing models.

The closing keynote speech by Henk Moed (Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS), Leiden University, NL) focused on three main issues. First, he outlined the role and significance of bibliometric indicators in the assessment of research performance. They must be accurate, sophisticated, up-to-date, combined with expert knowledge and used with care, taking into consideration their pros and cons. According to Moed, future research assessment must be performed through an intelligent combination of metrics and peer review, which may enhance their validity and cost-effectiveness.

The second issue discussed by Moed was the effect of Open Access upon citation impact and the statistical relationships between usage (downloads) and citations. He attempted to verify the hypothesis that wider access leads to more downloads, more readings, and more citations, and therefore to more funding. While he found that papers deposited in ArXiv are cited more than those that are not deposited in ArXiv (though published in the same journal), the two main reasons seem to be that the papers benefit from the effect of early view and that it is primarily the top researchers who deposit their papers in ArXiv (resulting in selection ex ante). In short, Moed identifies no significant citation advantage in Open Access, even if we are to believe that high energy physics is not representative of the present general situation in scholarly communication. His conclusions show that the current citation advantage of Open Access papers will be leveled when all publications become available via Open Access.

The third issue discussed in Moed’s keynote speech was assessment in the area of the humanities where there is a lack of reference indexes such as Scopus or Web of Science, due to the different types of research, outcomes and habits between the humanities and science communities. Moed explored five different options for the creation of a comprehensive database for the humanities and social sciences, including combining a number of existing European special SSH bibliographies, creating a new database from publishers’ archives, stimulating further enhancement of WoS and Scopus, exploring the potentialities and limitations of Google Scholar and Google Book Search, and creating a citation index from institutional repositories. Much work must be done in these fields, but the availability of full text seems to be a key issue.

After Heather Morrison’s reminder of the 2009 Public Knowledge Project conference [3] to be held this month, ELPUB ended with the final “unconference” led by Gail Moore and Leslie Chan discussed at the beginning of this report. The “unconference” was an informal, rich sharing of experiences and opinions – similar to the kind of chats you enjoy during a coffee break – extended to all participants. It served as a general brainstorming on the key issues of the ELPUB conference: with the major topic the “institutionalization” of the institutional repository, providing it with a definite role in this era of transition.


[1] Conference presentations, abstracts and full texts of the contributions are available at <http://conferences.aepic.it/index.php/elpub/elpub2009/schedConf/presentations>.

[2] Information about the Green road to Open Access is available at <http://www.eprints.org/openaccess/>.

[2] The PKP 2009 programme is available at <http://pkp.sfu.ca/node/1663>.

Copyright © 2009 Elena Giglia and Paola Galimberti


A II Conferência Ibero-Americana de Publicações Eletrônicas no Contexto da Comunicação Científica – CIPECC 2008 acontecerá entre os dias 17 a 21 de novembro, nas instalações da CPRM – Companhia de Pesquisa de Recursos Minerais, na cidade do Rio de Janeiro. O evento é organizado pela Coordenação de Ensino, Pesquisa, Ciência e Tecnologia da Informação do IBICT, em parceria com o Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência da Informação (PPGCINf), da UNB.

Subtemas da Conferência:

Subtema 1 – Políticas nacionais e internacionais, governamentais e institucionais para acesso aberto;
Subtema 2 – Metrias da comunicação científica: da bibliometria/informetria à webmetria;
Subtema 3 – Propriedade intelectual e ética nas práticas científicas em formatos digitais e impressos;
Subtema 4 – Infra-estrutura de informação para acesso aberto: repositórios temáticos e institucionais, bibliotecas digitais;
Subtema 5 – Qualidade e sustentabilidade dos periódicos científicos eletrônicos.

O prof. Dr. Felix de Moya, membro do grupo de pesquisa e lider do SCImago, apresentou um novo indicador que verifica a produção científica dos países.

A notícia foi publicada na Folha de São paulo do dia  20 de maio de 2008

A profa. Sely, lider do grupo de pesquisa, irá coordenar a sessão especial sobre Acesso aberto em países em desenvolvimento, com a participação de representantes do México, Brasil, África do Sul e Índia.

Apresentará, também, um trabalho intitulado “Brazilian Open Access Initiatives: Key stratagies and actions” juntamente com Fernando Cesar Lima leite, membro do grupo de pesquisa.



A professora Sely Maria de Souza Costa, lider do grupo de pesquisa, participou da Fiera Internazionale dell´Editoria Scientífica em Triste, Itália, em abril último.

O trabalho apresentado pode ser visto, em texto integral, aqui.

participou das mesas redondas do dia 18 de abril:

  • Open Access: let’s do it: top down, bottom up or both?, coordenada por Derek Law e com a participação de: Sely Maria de Souza Costa Stevan Harnad, ARD Prasad, Fabio Ruzzier, Bora Zivkovic. 
  • Open Access for dummies com a participação de: Sely Maria de Souza Costa, Derek Law. 





13 de Junho de 2008 as 09:00h


Av. da Universidade, 308—Bloco B

Cidade Universitária

A profa. Suely Mara, membro do grupo de pesquisa,  está organizando o Seminário de Comunicação Científica, que contará com a presença do Prof. pesquisador Félix de Moya, membro do grupo de pesquisa e lider do grupo de pesquisa SCImago.


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